Science

These are the first lessons of the Heinsberg study

The Bonn virologist Hendrik Streeck released the first interim results of the field study on Thursday “Covid – 19 Case-Cluster-Study “ in the community Gangelt in the district of Heinsberg. The district in North Rhine-Westphalia was one of the first in which the Coronavirus spread.

These are the first, but already representative interim results:

  • at 15 Percent of the examined Gangelts residents were found to be infected
  • The likelihood of dying from the disease lies in gear at 0, 37 percent
  • For comparison: According to the Johns Hopkins University, the lethality in Germany is currently 1, 98 Percent – five times higher.

On the pilot study, which was about the Dunke According to Hendrik Streeck, about 1000 residents took part in finding out the virus' s number and transmission routes. The study was based on questionnaires, throat swabs and blood tests (for testing antibodies that indicate immunity). The data had been collected in the past ten days. The interim results of the representative study now presented are based on evaluations of previously 509 people.

Virologist Hendrik Streeck considers an beginning relaxation of the strict conditions possible in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic. Because most people were “so active and disciplined”, it was now possible to go into a “phase two”: a withdrawal of conditions while ensuring the hygiene measures. “We have learned how to behave properly in terms of hygiene,” said Streeck.

Background on the corona virus:

  • Coronavirus dark figure: Why statisticians of 222. 000 Going out infected in Germany
  • Useful or Not? Respirators in the fact check
  • The big FAQ about the pandemic: All important questions and answers about the coronavirus
  • Make mouthguard yourself: Instructions for making one Respiratory mask
  • Loosening of bans on coronavirus: This is how Germany can succeed in the exit strategy.
  • Follow the events related to the corona virus in Berlin in a separate live blog

The Bonn infection protection expert Martin Exner underlined the importance of hygiene measures in the fight against the corona virus. The virus could also survive in areas over a long period of time. In order to trigger a corona infection, the virus had to get into the mucous membranes – for example through the mouth or eyes. It is therefore important that the population learns to deal with the risks appropriately.

Thoroughly washing hands with soap detaches the viruses well and can “inactivate” them, said the director of the institute for hygiene and public health. It sounds banal, but it is important to train such hygiene measures.

Also Gunther Hartmann, Professor of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology at the University of Bonn , reported that after initial cautious assessments, it can be assumed that the severity of the disease could be reduced through hygiene measures. “The number of pathogens affects the severity of the disease in the case of initial infections.”

District Administrator Pusch: “We have numbers that encourage us”

The District Administrator of the Heinsberg District, Stephan Pusch , thanked the scientists and the people in Gangelt. 80 Percentage of residents contacted would have agreed to participate – a high number. “It is sensational that you already have results today,” he said.

Pusch emphasized that the curve of new infections would flatten out in a circle. “We have numbers that give courage.” Currently, in Heinsberg 60 to 70 percent of intensive care beds occupied. There is no overloading of the health system.

But he does not want to say yet that one is “over the mountain”. “We were still lucky in misfortune. We slipped past a catastrophe, ”said Pusch, referring to the fact that early measures had been taken to contain the corona virus. In retrospect, that was correct.

First infection on 25. February detected

The coronavirus was first seen in North Rhine-Westphalia on 25. February in a couple from the district of Heinsberg. After that, the district had developed into one of the areas most severely affected by the epidemic in Germany.

Prime Minister Armin Laschet convened a twelve-member panel of experts at the beginning of April, which developed criteria and standards for measures to contain the pandemic and to open up social and public life. So far, all measures are only up to and including 19. April was imposed. ( with dpa / Reuters)

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