Berlin is top in at least one respect: the share of highly qualified employees is higher in no other economic region in Germany. This is the result of a study that the Cologne Institute for World Economy and the Ruhr Research Institute for Innovation and Structural Policy presented on Thursday.
It compares the regions of Berlin-Brandenburg, Frankfurt-Wiesbaden, Hamburg, Munich, Rhine-Neckar (Mannheim), Rhine region (Cologne) and Stuttgart with the Ruhr region. The researchers include Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, Bochum and Gelsenkirchen. From a Berlin perspective, it becomes clear that many highly qualified people alone will not bring about a flourishing economy.
Few STEM graduates in Berlin
With a view to the research landscape, the nationwide supply in the Ruhr region catches the eye. On 100 there are an average of 0, 81 Universities and 1, 87 scientific institutions. This is the highest value of all regions considered; Berlin-Brandenburg is 0, 05 and 0, 88 slightly below average.
In terms of the number of STEM fields of study that are important for industry, both the capital region and Dortmund and Co. are 96 and 99 under the cut. The Rhine region is a pioneer with 140 STEM study areas. For the graduates in these subjects, Berlin is in the penultimate place of the areas examined. Overall, the proportion of students in the Ruhr region is the highest. On 1000 residents come here 49 Students. In Berlin-Brandenburg there are around 39.
A look at the gross domestic product shows how economically weak both regions are. With 32.044 Euro, the Ruhr region is beaten in last place, Berlin is with 34. 602 hardly any better. The average is almost 43. 000. The purchasing power is correspondingly low. One possible explanation is the fact that knowledge-intensive services are still somewhere else. During their share of all employees in the automotive strongholds of Munich and Stuttgart around 35 Percent, Berlin-Brandenburg and the Ruhr region provide around 27 percent the last places.
Berlin's economy is dynamic
The following figures show how large the structural gap is compared to southern Germany: On 1000 Full-time jobs come around in Munich 17 Research jobs, even in Stuttgart 28 – in Berlin is six, only four in the Ruhr region. And while in Stuttgart pro 100. 000 employees 361 Patents were registered (Munich: 222), it was in Berlin-Brandenburg 53.
Even with high-tech start-ups, the Bavarian capital lies in front of Berlin, the Ruhr region is far behind. Hope for Berlin makes the economy dynamic. The balance from commercial registrations and de-registrations is positive and is significantly above average. It looks different on the Ruhr. The balance here is the only region to be negative.
The study authors – commissioned by the Regionalverband Ruhr – confirm that the area has good prospects. “Especially in future fields like artificial intelligence, Industry 4.0 or IT security, the institutes of the Ruhr Metropolis are doing research at the forefront,” they comment. The Regionalverband Ruhr is using the study for further image advertising – and is even attacking Berlin directly in the competition for skilled workers. Trucks drove around Berlin yesterday, advertising the advertising space to move to the Ruhr region. Basically, the study shows one thing above all: Both regions still have a long way to go.